Robushi Pumps: The Perfect Solution for Industrial Pumping Needs in Saudi Arabia

By | Blog

Robushi pumps are known for their superior performance, durability, and versatility. Manufactured using advanced technology and premium materials, these pumps are designed to withstand the harshest operating conditions. From chemical processing to water treatment, it delivers exceptional results across various industries.

Whether you need high-performance pumps, exceptional reliability, or unmatched customer service, in this article, we will delve into the features and benefits of Robushi pumps, highlighting why they are the perfect solution for all your industrial pumping needs.

Features and Benefits:

High Efficiency: Robushi pumps are engineered to maximize efficiency, ensuring optimal performance while minimizing energy consumption. By choosing Robushi in GCC, you can significantly reduce operational costs and improve overall productivity.

Reliability: With a focus on reliability, Robushi pumps are built to last. They undergo stringent quality control measures to ensure consistent performance and durability. These pumps can withstand demanding applications, providing peace of mind and minimizing downtime.

Customization Options: It offers a range of customization options to meet specific industrial requirements. Whether you need a pump for corrosive fluids, high-pressure applications, or unique specifications, Robushi pumps can be tailored to suit your needs.

Easy Maintenance: The design of Robushi pumps incorporates user-friendly features, making maintenance and servicing hassle-free. With easy access to critical components and clear instructions, maintenance tasks can be performed efficiently, reducing downtime and maximizing productivity.

Comprehensive Product Range:

It offers a comprehensive range of pump types to accommodate diverse industrial needs:

Centrifugal Pumps: Robushi centrifugal pumps deliver high flow rates and are suitable for efficient fluid movement applications.

Submersible Pumps: These pumps are designed for submerged applications, such as wastewater management and dewatering.

Chemical Pumps: Robushi chemical pumps are engineered to efficiently handle corrosive fluids, ensuring safety and efficiency in chemical processing industries.

Multistage Pumps: Ideal for high-pressure applications, multistage pumps from Robushi are designed to deliver consistent performance in demanding environments.

Your Trusted Partner: When you choose Robushi pumps from the Synergies Group, you can access a reliable partner dedicated to your success. We provide exceptional customer service, technical expertise, and after-sales support to ensure your pumping systems operate at their best.


Robushi in GCC from the Synergies Group is the perfect solution for all your industrial pumping needs in Saudi Arabia. Its exceptional performance, reliability, and customization options deliver outstanding results across various industries. Experience the Synergies Group advantage by choosing today. 

Gardner Denver in Saudi: A Comprehensive Overview

By | Blog

Gardner Denver KSA is part of our Synergies group with leading industrial-grade air compressors and other high quality products. They have been providing superior quality products and services to the industry for over a century and have become the industry leader in providing the best products and services at the best prices. If you are looking for the best in industrial-grade air compressors and other related products then look no further than Gardner Denver KSA. 

Products & Services Offered by Gardner Denver KSA in Saudi

Gardner Denver KSA have a wide range of products and services. These include air compressors, blowers, pumps, air treatment systems, vacuum systems, and fluid power systems. Each of these products is designed to meet specific customer needs, and the company has a team of experts available to provide technical support and advice.

Benefits of  getting the Products & Services by Gardner Denver KSA & Gardner Denver in Saudi

1. High Quality Products: We offer high quality products that are reliable and designed to meet the needs of their customers.

2. Cost Efficiency: Customers can save money by purchasing quality products at competitive prices.

3. Expertise and Experience: We have decades of experience and expertise in providing products and services in the Middle East region.

4. Technical Support: We offer technical support to ensure that customers get the most out of their products and services.

5. Wide Range of Products: We provide a wide range of products and services to meet the needs of different customers.

6. Fast Delivery: We have a fast delivery system to ensure that customers get their orders in time.


Synergies-group is the leading industrial suppliers in Saudi Arabia. We offer a wide range of products and services, from air compressors to blowers and pumps. We also provide a range of advantages and benefits for customers, including access to high-quality products and services, competitive prices, and a dedicated team of experts. If you’re looking for an industrial supplier like Gardner Denver KSA & Gardner Denver in Saudi Arabia, Than it is a great choice.

Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Automatic Lubrication System

By | Blog

Automatic lubrication systems are essential for many industries that rely on machinery and equipment to operate efficiently. These systems are designed to provide continuous lubrication to equipment while in use, reducing wear and tear, and extending the life of the machinery. In this blog post, we will explore everything you ever wanted to know about automatic lubrication systems, their benefits, and how they work.

What is an Automatic Lubrication System?

An automatic lubrication system is a mechanical system designed to automatically provide lubrication to machinery and equipment while it is in operation. These systems use various types of lubricants, such as oil or grease, to lubricate the moving parts of machinery and prevent friction and heat buildup. Automatic lubrication systems come in different types, including single-line, dual-line, progressive, and circulating oil systems.

Benefits of Automatic Lubrication Systems

There are numerous benefits to using automatic lubrication systems in machinery and equipment, including:

Increased equipment lifespan: Automatic lubrication systems reduce wear and tear on equipment, extending its lifespan and reducing the need for costly repairs and replacements.

Improved efficiency: Continuous lubrication keeps machinery and equipment operating smoothly, improving efficiency and reducing downtime.

Enhanced safety: Lubrication systems reduce the risk of equipment failure, which can cause accidents and injuries.

Cost savings: It reduce labor costs associated with manual lubrication, and they also help prevent equipment breakdowns, reducing the need for costly repairs.

How do Automatic Lubrication Systems Work?

Automatic lubrication systems work by using pumps, reservoirs, and distribution lines to deliver lubricants to the moving parts of machinery and equipment. These systems are designed to provide precise amounts of lubricant at regular intervals, ensuring that equipment is continuously lubricated while it is in operation. The lubricant is delivered directly to the bearing points, reducing waste and minimizing the risk of contamination.

One example of an automatic lubrication system is the Simatec Automatic Lubrication System, which is designed to provide continuous lubrication to various types of machinery and equipment. This system uses a pump to deliver lubricant to distribution lines, which are connected to injectors located near the bearing points of the equipment. The injectors deliver precise amounts of lubricant at regular intervals, ensuring that the equipment is properly lubricated while it is in operation.


In conclusion, automatic lubrication systems are an essential component of many industries that rely on machinery and equipment to operate efficiently. These systems provide continuous lubrication to equipment, reducing wear and tear, extending the life of the machinery, and improving efficiency. With various types of lubrication systems available, it is crucial to choose the right one for your equipment and application. The Simatec Automatic Lubrication System is a great example of a reliable and efficient lubrication system that can help improve the lifespan, safety, and efficiency of your machinery and equipment.

The Powerful way to Electrify Construction and Agricultural Machines from Bosch Rexroth

By | Blog

Modern infrastructure building and food production can only happen with construction and farming machines. However, traditional fuels like diesel or gasoline, which are used to power these machines, cause harmful emissions and contribute to climate, change. Bosch Rexroth, a renowned supplier of drive and control technologies, has created a potent way for farming and construction equipment to run on electricity to solve this issue. The goal of the electric solution is to make these machines last longer and be better for the environment.

Bosch Rexroth’s Electrification Solution

Bosch Rexroth has a modular and flexible way to add electricity to construction and farming machines. Electric motors, inverters, and control units are part of the solution. Batteries and capacitors are also used to store energy. These parts are made to fit together perfectly and work as efficiently and reliably as possible.

Environmental Benefits of Electric Machines

The environmental performance of Bosch Rexroth’s electric solution is one of its most important benefits. Electric machines have no local emissions, which makes them perfect for use in cities and other sensitive areas. They also aid in lowering greenhouse gas emissions when run on renewable energy sources like wind or solar power.

Electric machines also offer a quieter and more comfortable operation 

Electric machines have several advantages over traditional devices and are better for the environment. Electric machines are more peaceful, require less maintenance, and work better at lower speeds. Electric machines are also more flexible in delivering power, making them easier to control and using less energy.

Bosch Rexroth’s Range of Filters

The electrification solution from Bosch Rexroth comprises several parts and services that work together to ensure the best performance and most extended life. One of the essential parts of the system is the filters, which help keep the quality of the electrical parts high and make them last longer.

Bosch Rexroth filters are made to be very good at filtering and to work well even in harsh conditions. The filters are made to catch and eliminate dirt, dust, and moisture that can hurt the electrical parts and make them work less well.

Bosch Rexroth filters come in different sizes and shapes, so they can be used with different types of machines and for various tasks. The filters are also made easy to install and change, which cuts down on downtime and ensures they work at their best.

Bosch Distributor GCC

Bosch Rexroth filters can be bought from authorized distributors in Dubai and the rest of the GCC. Bosch Rexroth has trained and certified these distributors to give expert advice and help to customers who want to electrify their machines. They can help customers choose the right filter for their needs, help set it up, and keep it in good shape to ensure it works well.

Bosch Rexroth filters Dubai is a healthy and environmentally friendly way to power construction and farming machines. Customers who want to reduce their impact on the environment and improve their operational performance will find that the modular and flexible system, along with high-quality filters and expert support from authorized distributors, is a reliable and effective solution.

Things to Know About Gate Valves

By | Blog

Gate valves are essential parts of piping systems in many different industries. By opening and closing the gate inside the valve, you can control the flow of fluids in a pipe. But not all gate valves are the same, and you should know a few things about them before buying one. In this article.

This blog will talk about gate valves and distributors of valves in the GCC.

Types of Gate Valves

There are two main kinds of gate valves: ones with a rising stem and those that don’t. When the gate is opened on an increasing stem gate valve, the stem rises above the valve. This shows where the valve is. Non-rising stem gate valves have a stem that stays in the same place no matter where the gate is. Choosing the correct gate valve type depends on what you need it for and how it will be used.

Materials Used In Gate Valves

Gate valves can be made from brass, bronze, cast iron, and stainless steel, among other things. What goes through the pipeline will determine what material is used for the valve. For example, fluids that cause corrosion need a gate valve made of a material that doesn’t rust, like stainless steel.

Pressure Rating and Temperature Range

It is essential to know how much pressure the gate valve can handle and what temperatures it can handle. Gate valves can only work safely within a specific range of pressure and temperature. Ensure the gate valve you buy can handle your application’s pressure and temperature.

Valve distributors 

If you live in the GCC region, you can contact several valve distributors to buy a gate valve. One of these valve distributors is Saudi, the area’s largest supplier of industrial valves. They have a wide range of gate valves made of different materials and can handle different amounts of pressure.

Valve Maintenance and Repair

Gate valves must be maintained and sometimes fixed like any other mechanical part. To ensure the valve lasts as long as possible, it is crucial to follow the maintenance instructions from the manufacturer. If something goes wrong, it’s best to call a professional valve technician to fix it.

Advantages of Gate Valves

Gate valves are better than other valves, such as having a whole bore opening, a low-pressure drop, and reliable sealing performance. The pressure drop in the pipeline is lessened because the whole bore opening lets the flow go through without being blocked. Gate valves also have a tight shut-off, which makes them perfect for situations where there can’t be any leaks.

Application Areas of Gate Valves

Gate valves are used in many fields, such as oil and gas, water treatment, chemical processing, and power. They are beneficial when the flow needs to be quickly stopped or started.

Ultimately, gate valves are essential parts of piping systems, and it is crucial to know the different types, materials, pressure ratings, and temperature ranges. If you live in the GCC area, you can get a wide range of gate valves from valve distributors in Netherseal, Saudi Arabia. Ensure to follow the manufacturer’s maintenance instructions and call a professional if something goes wrong.

Lechler Air Nozzles: The Significant Benefits and Why They Are Essential for Industries

By | Blog

In today’s highly competitive business world, companies are always looking for ways to be more efficient and productive. One way to do this is by using high-quality equipment that works well and uses as few resources as possible. Lechler air nozzles are an example of this equipment that can help any industry that needs to spray liquids precisely and efficiently.

Fine and Uniform Droplets

Lechler air nozzles are made to make tiny droplets that are all the same size. This makes them perfect for spraying liquids that need to be done with precision and consistency. Because the droplets are tiny, less liquid is required, which saves money and protects the environment. The spray pattern stays the same because the droplets are all the same size. This is important for coating, cleaning, cooling, and humidifying processes.

Versatility and Customization

The nozzles come in many different sizes and shapes, so it is easy to find one that works for your application. Lechler has a nozzle that will give you a narrow, fan, or flat spray pattern, depending on your needs.

It offers standard nozzles as well as customized nozzles that can be made to meet your specific needs. There are different materials, spray angles, and flow rates you can choose from. This ensures that the nozzle you use is the best for the job, making it more effective and efficient.

Durability and Resistance to Wear and Corrosion

They are made from high-quality materials that make them more resistant to wear and corrosion and last longer. They can handle harsh environments and keep working well even after being used for a long time. The nozzles also don’t get clogged up quickly, making maintenance easier and ensuring they keep working well.

Improved Workplace Safety

Accidents are less likely to happen when air nozzles are used. The nozzles are made to use as little liquid and chemicals as possible, making the workplace safer and healthier. Using less liquid and chemicals reduces the chance of exposure and slips and falls. This protects employees and reduces the company’s liability risks.

Popularity in Saudi Arabia

They have become popular in Saudi Arabia and are used in many businesses. Nozzles are the best choice for many companies in the area because they work well, last a long time, and can be used in many different ways. Lechler nozzles have not only helped Saudi Arabia be more productive, but they have also helped protect the environment.

Using your nozzles with a Lechler agent in Saudi is best if you want to get the most out of them. The agent ensures you get genuine Lechler products and gives you technical support and advice on how to use the products to get the best results. The Lechler agent in Saudi Arabia can also help with customizations and other special needs, ensuring you get the best nozzle for your application. Lechler air nozzles are a reliable and efficient choice for any industry that needs to spray liquids in a precise way. The nozzles are versatile, can be changed, and are made to last so they can work well even in harsh environments. In addition, the droplets made by the nozzles are tiny and uniform, which cuts down on the amount of liquid used, increases productivity and helps protect the environment.

Reasons Why Automatic Lubrication Systems Are necessary on Today’s Machinery

By | Blog

Machines and other tools are essential to the smooth running of many industries. From making things to moving, ensuring machines, work well means getting the most done and having less downtime. However, lubricating by hand can take a long time, be inconvenient, and lead to mistakes. This is where automatic lubrication systems come in, and it is why today’s machines must have them

Why Automatic Lubrication Systems are necessary in Today’s Machinery?

An automatic lubrication  is a device that lubricates machine parts at set times or based on how the machine is used. It is made to ensure that the right amount of oil gets to the right parts at the right time and in the right amount. There are different systems, such as single-line, dual-line, and progressive systems. They can also be used in various machine parts, like bearings, chains, gears, and hydraulics.

Eliminates the Need for Manual Lubrication

One of the best things about an automatic lubrication  is that you do not have to lubricate it by hand. Manually greasing machine parts is often a time-consuming and error-prone process that can cause parts to be under or over-greased. Under-lubrication can cause more friction, heat, and wear, while over-lubrication can cause contamination, wasted lubricant, and higher maintenance costs. Automatic lubrication use only the amount of lubricant that is needed. This cuts down on waste and the chance that a machine will break down.

Reduces Downtime and Maintenance Costs

It can also reduce the time and money needed for maintenance. When lubrication is done by hand, machines often have to be turned off, which slows down or stops production. This can lubricate a machine while running, reducing the need to shut it down and increasing the time it works. Automatic lubrication can also lower maintenance costs by making machine parts last longer and reducing the time they need to be fixed.

Convenient and Safe

Automatic lubrication systems are also easier to use and safer than lubrication is done by hand. For manual lubrication, workers often have to climb on machines or work in dangerous places, which can be risky and take much time. This system can be set up to get lubricant to hard-to-reach places. This lowers the risk of getting hurt and of being in dangerous places.

The products are made to meet the specific needs of industries like construction, mining, food processing, and packaging. Simatec distributor GCC has single-point lubricators, multi-point lubrication systems, and central lubrication systems. Their products are made to lubricate machines and equipment safely and effectively.

All machinery made today needs to have automatic lubrication systems. They have many benefits, such as better efficiency, less downtime, and lower maintenance costs. Manual lubrication takes much time, is inconvenient, and can lead to mistakes. the lubrication systems eliminate the need to lubricate parts of a machine by ensuring they get the right amount of oil at the right time. This makes them valuable partners in ensuring that machinery and equipment work at their best.

Suitable Valve Distributor

Finding a Suitable Valve Distributor: The Ultimate Guide

By | Blog

If you run a business that sells valves and other pipes to contractors and homeowners, you know how difficult it can be to get new customers. When prospective customers ask their real estate agents, contractors, and suppliers for recommendations on who should do business with them, they often won’t say yes to your company or anyone else. That’s because finding new customers isn’t an easy task. To find more people who will use your valves, you need to work with a partner who understands what potential customers are looking for when they ask about companies that sell valves in the real estate industry.

An ideal cla Val distributos is one who not only knows what questions buyers will have when scouting out places to buy valves but also knows which answers to give so as not to waste their time or scare them off with questions they can easily Google themselves. Here is everything you need to know about finding a suitable valve distributor:

Before talking to prospective valve distributors, determine what you’re looking for.

Discover what you want from a distributor before scanning online forums and trade shows for companies. 

Find a distributor who sells valves and pipes to customers in the real estate industry.


When you’re looking for a suitable valve distributor, you should make sure that they are responsive. If you’re looking to sell valves to homeowners and contractors, your customers will likely be very busy. So, you must find a responsive distributor. If a salesperson at a company you’re looking at doesn’t seem responsive, find someone else to talk to.

If a cla-val Saudi has many salespeople, ask the salesperson you talk to how their sales team operates. Are there any salespeople you like talking to better? Find another distributor if you’ve concluded that a salesperson isn’t as responsive as the others.


A distributor’s inventory turnover is a crucial metric. It shows how many times the distributor’s inventory turns over a year. The lower the turnover, the less money the distributor makes. You have a major red flag if your valve distributor’s turnover is 50% or lower. It means the distributor is probably out of stock often and isn’t making as much money as they should be. If that’s the case, you have a couple of options: either find a new valve distributor or work with your current one to improve their inventory management.

Preventive Maintenance

The best valve distributors in the world aren’t going to make much profit if they don’t maintain their equipment well. The valve distributor you choose must have a well-maintained and up-to-date facility. If the valve distributor isn’t keeping their equipment properly maintained, they will not be able to fulfill orders and make a profit.

If the valve distributor is having problems keeping their equipment up to date, there might be financial reasons for it. You might have to work with your valve distributor to determine why they aren’t keeping their equipment up-to-date. You’ll have to find a new partner if they don’t have the funds.

ISO Certified Products

Your valve distributor also needs to ensure that the valves they sell are certified by an international standards organization. If they’re not, there’s a chance they could break or cause an accident. Your valve distributor needs to be certified by an international organization like the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). It means your valves meet the highest possible standards and are as safe as possible. Ask for their certification number if your distributor is certified by another organization.

Finding a suitable valve distributor isn’t easy, but it is possible. You need to be strategic in your search and remember to keep the things we’ve talked about in mind when you’re looking for a new partner. So, when searching for a valve distributor, keep these things in mind.

Bosch Rexroth Filters in Dubai

Buying Guide for Bosch Rexroth Filters

By | Blog

It is important that the filters put to use in industrial machinery are reliable and of superior quality. This is especially relevant for filters that guarantee the fluid systems used in the machinery function without any hiccups. Amongst the leading and highly valued brands in this industry is Bosch Rexroth. This company is renowned for crafting lasting bosch Rexroth filters in Dubai that can withstand hectic industrial applications. 

If you need to acquire a filter for an industrial device, it is important to know what should be considered when finalizing your purchase.

Here is a guide that will help you in making a good choice when it comes to purchasing Bosch Rexroth filters 

Consider the Type of Filter

When selecting a filter from Bosch Rexroth, it is important to consider the variety of available options. These filters have been designed to suit particular tasks and industries. A few of the most commonly used types comprise:

Suction filters : It can eliminate pollutants from the liquid before it goes into the pump. Generally, they are put in place in the suction line of the system and can be acquired in different sizes and materials.

Return filters: These filters remove any polluting elements from the fluid before returning to the tank. They are set up in the returning line of the system and come in a range of sizes and materials.

In-tank filters: These filters are employed to remove pollutants from the container’s liquid. They are set up inside the tank and come in various sizes and components.

Consider the Filtration

When selecting a bosch Rexroth filter it is vital to consider the filtration rating. This signifies the measurement of the particles that the filter can eliminate from the liquid. The higher the rating, the minute the particles the filter can take out. For illustration, a filter with a rating of 10 microns will take out particles as tiny as 10 microns, while a filter with a rating of 5 microns will remove particles as small as 5 microns. It is essential to pick a filter with a suitable rating for your specific purpose.

Consider the Operating Temperature and Pressure

It is important to evaluate the temperature and pressure of your system. Different filters are created to accommodate different temperature and pressure levels, so it is imperative to pick the one that is proper for your particular application. For instance, if your machinery runs at extreme temperatures, you must select a filter for high-temperature operation. If your machinery operates at high pressure, you must choose a filter for high-pressure operation.

Consider the Material

When selecting a Bosch Rexroth filter, it is essential to consider the material the filter is made of. Various materials possess distinct characteristics that make them suitable for specific purposes. Some of the materials used for Bosch Rexroth filters are:

Stainless steel: Stainless steel filters are resistant to corrosion and are suitable for use in harsh environments.

Aluminum: Aluminum filters are lightweight and suitable for use in high-pressure systems.

Plastic filters are lightweight and suitable for use in low-pressure systems.


When selecting a Bosch Rexroth filter in Dubai, the brand should be considered. Bosch Rexroth is a renowned and esteemed brand in the sector, renowned for manufacturing superior-quality filters built to handle the rigors of intense use.

Types of Nozzles and Their Applications

By | Blog

Nozzles are integral to many industrial and manufacturing processes, as they control the flow and direction of fluids, gases, and other materials. These are commonly found in various applications, including cooling systems, cleaning equipment, and spray painting machines.

Lechler nozzles are known for their high quality and durability, making them a popular choice among manufacturers around the world. The manufacturing process of nozzles involves several steps, starting with selecting raw materials. Manufacturers use only high-grade stainless steel and other corrosion-resistant metals to ensure that their nozzles can withstand harsh working conditions.

The raw materials are cut and shaped using precision CNC machines to ensure that each nozzle has the desired dimensions and flow characteristics. The nozzles are subjected to rigorous quality checks to meet the company’s stringent standards.

Once the nozzles pass the quality checks, they are assembled and fitted with the required components, such as seals and gaskets. The final step in the manufacturing process is testing each nozzle to ensure that it performs as expected in real-world conditions.

In addition to its manufacturing processes, Lechler is also known for their innovative designs and customization capabilities. The company offers a wide range of nozzles, including flat fan nozzles, full cone nozzles, and hollow cone nozzles, to suit the specific needs of their customers.

Lechler also offers custom nozzle designs, allowing manufacturers to choose the exact flow rate, spray angle, and other parameters that are best suited for their application. This level of customization ensures that their nozzles can be used in various industries, from food and beverage processing to aerospace and automotive manufacturing.

Lechler nozzles are known for their high-quality and durability, as well as their ability to be customized to meet the specific needs of manufacturers. Lechler distributors’ attention to detail and commitment to innovation makes them a leading choice for nozzles in industrial and manufacturing applications.

Types of Nozzles and their applications

Nozzles are vital in many industrial applications. They control the flow and direction of liquids and gases and play a crucial role in various industries. There are many different types of applications for nozzles. 

Some common examples include spraying and dispensing liquids, such as in cleaning and agricultural applications, and atomizing gases, such as in combustion engines. Other nozzle uses include spraying paint, applying coatings, and cooling hot surfaces. 

In general, nozzles are used in a wide range of applications where it is necessary to control the flow and direction of a fluid or gas.

  • Spray nozzles – Spray nozzles are used to atomize liquids into fine droplets and can be used for cooling, cleaning, coating, and many other applications. They are commonly found in manufacturing plants, power plants, and food processing facilities.
  • Venturi nozzles – Venturi nozzles are designed to increase the velocity of a fluid, which can be used to create a vacuum or to mix different fluids. They are commonly found in air conditioning, fuel injection, and water treatment plants.
  • Firefighting nozzles – Firefighting nozzles are designed to deliver a high-pressure stream of water to extinguish fires. They are used by firefighters and are an essential part of firefighting equipment.
  • Fog nozzles – Fog nozzles create a fine mist of water, which can be used for dust suppression, evaporative cooling, and many other applications. They are commonly found in mining, construction, and agricultural industries.
  • Gas flow nozzles – Gas flow nozzles are used to measure the flow rate of gases, which is vital for monitoring and controlling industrial processes. They are commonly found in chemical plants, power plants, and natural gas facilities.

In conclusion, nozzles are a versatile and essential tool in the industrial world. They are used in many applications to control the flow and direction of liquids and gases and play a critical role in many industries.